Green space available in the UK is limited so it has become necessary to reuse land called brownfield sites. This is land that had been previously developed for other purposes such as industrial or commercial use. This abandoned land could be contaminated though, especially if used earlier for industrial reasons. Contaminants include hazardous wastes and pollutants from chemicals used in industrial production.
There are 66,000 hectares of land of this kind in the UK and most of this is in very sought-after areas around Greater London, South East and East of the country. There is a target to build more than 60% of new homes on brownfield sites and that objective has already been overtaken. It is basically a case of recycling land.
Brownfields sites are also planned for the development of open space and community or recreation areas. They can also be set aside for forests and conservation areas. However, because of the level of contamination from previous land use, brownfield sites need to be assessed by a professional and the soil needs to be analysed. Groundwater and surface water will also need to test for evidence of pollutants and to establish what possible risks may be present. For these services, as well as Tank decommissioning, visit a site like http://www.ashremediation.co.uk/tank-decommissioning/
There are special rules and laws that need to be adhered to and stringent environmental regulations. A special license is also required for the reclamation and development of brownfield sites. If there is a positive result for contamination following assessment, the next step of this process is called remediation.