Climate change, deforestation, the introduction of other species to the natural environment, arson … There are several reasons why there are many plants in danger of extinction in the world. Although it may seem to us that the situation of the plant kingdom is not as dramatic as they tell us, the reality is that in Spain alone there are 1,373 vascular plant species included in the Red List of the International Union for Conservation of Nature.
And that is a lot. Too. Each plant fulfills a very important function in its natural habitat. For example, trees provide food and shelter for birds, and the Posidonia creates a perfect place for fish since they can make their lives relatively calmly. For this reason, it is necessary to know which plants are in danger of extinction. So next we are going to show you 8 of them.
The giant ring, also known as the corpse flower, is a tuber plant whose scientific name is Amorphophallus titanum. It can reach a height of 3 meters, and a single stem up to 1 meter long sprouts from its tuber with a single leaf. It blooms only 3-4 times in the forty years it can live, and when it does, spadix-shaped inflorescence sprouts that will remain open for three days. Its aroma is not pleasant, but it is so great that when it comes out, it is quite a spectacle.
That is precisely one of the reasons why it is in danger of extinction. The extraction of its tubers to then sell them for a little makes it disappear from the Earth. Currently, deforestation and its slow growth put it at risk again.
The flamboyant or flamboyant, whose scientific name is Delonix regia, is a deciduous, semi-perennial, or perennial tree (depending on the climate) endemic to the dry deciduous forest of Madagascar. It reaches a height of up to 12 meters and is characterized by the development of a magnificent sun-kissed crown made up of pinnate leaves. In spring flowers bloom up to 8 centimeters in diameter in red or orange. Its fruits are legumes up to 60 centimeters long, containing numerous elongated seeds 1 centimeter long.
Although it is one of the trees of the Fabaceae family most cultivated in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world, in its country of origin it is endangered by the loss of habitat as a result of deforestation.
The green jade flower, also known as an emerald vine, is a perennial climbing plant whose scientific name is Strongylodon macrobotrys. It is native to the humid forests of the Philippines, where we will find it next to streams. It can reach a height of up to 18 meters, and its leaves are trilobed. The flowers are blue-greenish and are grouped in hanging clusters of up to 3 meters.
This spectacular plant is in danger due to the loss of habitat. Deforestation is wreaking havoc where you live.
The Narcissus Longispathus is a bulbous plant endemic to Spain, specifically in Andalusia Oriental. Its natural habitat is rivers, where it lives very close to them. Its leaves are ribbed, green in color, and sprout in spring. Soon after, the flowers appear, which are yellow.
Habitat loss is their biggest threat. The human advance towards lands that until then had not been destined for the construction of houses, is putting him in serious danger of extinction.
Peyote is a cactus whose scientific name is Lophophora williamsii. It is endemic to Mexico, where it lives in the desert regions. It has an almost spherical and flattened stem, about 12 centimeters in diameter by about 5 centimeters in height. During spring it produces pale pink flowers, which emerge from the center of the plant.
It is a species that has been used and is still used today for its alkaloids, especially in psychedelic psychotherapy and meditation. Therefore, in its natural habitat, it is increasingly difficult to find it.
Posidonia, whose scientific name is Posidonia oceanica, is an aquatic plant endemic to the Mediterranean Sea. It is characterized by developing wavy leaves up to one meter long, which sprout from stems with rhizomatous roots. Oceanic Posidonia grows at a very slow rate and is always found in groups of 6 to 7 individuals. It blooms in autumn, and in spring its fruits known as sea olives ripen.
It is in serious danger due especially to anchoring, which is often carried out on its populations, as well as contamination.
he saguaro, or giant thistle, is a columnar cactus whose scientific name is Carnegiea gigantea. It is endemic to the Sonoran Desert, and reaches a height of up to 18 meters and with a diameter of about 65 centimeters. Its stem is erect, very protected by spines between 3 and 7 centimeters long, especially during its youth. The flowers bloom in spring, they are white, 12 centimeters in diameter, and nocturnal (they open at night). The fruit is red and edible; in fact, it is highly appreciated by bats.
His problem is that he is growing very, very slowly. It needs at least 30 years to reach a meter in height, and it does not always germinate enough seeds for a specimen to reach adulthood. That, added to global warming and the increasing shortage of rains, makes their situation worrying.
The Sarracenia leucophylla is a herbaceous plant native carnivorous Florida, specifically west of the Apalachicola River. It develops leaves converted into tubular traps of very variable colors, among which green predominates, and with a height of between 30 centimeters to 1 meter. Crimson flowers bloom in spring.
Although it is well known and cultivated by carnivorous plant collectors, it is endangered in its habitat.
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